Facts & statistics about breast cancer in India
Ranked no.1 cancer among Indian females with the age-adjusted rate as high as 25.8 per 100,000 women & mortality 12.7 women per 100,000 women.
Mortality to incidence ratio was found to be as high as 66 in rural registries whereas as low as 8 in urban registries.
Breast cancer projection for India during time periods 2020 suggests the number to go as high as 17,50,000.
Worrisome facts about the trend of breast cancer in India?
- Increased number of breast cancer in the younger age groups.
- The rising number of cases of breast cancer in India.
- Late presentation. This decreases the survival rate drastically.
- Lack of awareness and screening.
- Aggressive cancer in young.
What is Breast Cancer?
When cells inside the breast divide and grow without control that condition is Breast Cancer. 50-75% of breast cancers begin in the milk duct, about 10-15% begin in lobules and a few on other breast tissues.
Warning signs of breast cancer
Warning signs are not the same in all the women. The most common signs are –
- A change in the look or feel of the breast.
- A change in the look or feel of the nipple.
- Nipple discharge.
- Lump, hard knot or thickening inside the breast or underarm area.
- Swelling, warmth, redness or darkening of the breast.
- Change in the size or shape of the breast.
- Dimpling or puckering of the skin.
- Itchy, scaly sore or rash on the nipple.
- Pulling in of your nipple or other parts of the breast.
- Nipple discharges that start suddenly.
- New paint in one spot that does not go away.
Other Breast Conditions
Lobular Carcinoma in situ (LCIS) Lobules are small sacks that produce milk, when there is abnormal cell growth inside lobules but have not spread to nearby tissues that condition is called as LCIS. LCIS is not breast cancer but it increases the chances of breast cancer.
Benign Breast Conditions
Benign breast conditions, also knows as benign breast diseases are non-cancerous disorders of the breast. They can occur both in men and women. Some are painful and requires treatment, others usually not. Some of the benign breast diseases increase the chances of breast cancer and this ultrasound or biopsy should be done.
Breast Cancer in Men
Breast cancer in men are rare but it does happen. In the US less a % of all cancers are of men breast cancer. Breast cancer risk is much lower in men than in women. Survival rates in male breast cancer is same that of female breast cancer. However, men are diagnosed late as compared to women for breast cancer. Warning signs are also the same as those presented in women.
Most common benign breast condition in male is gynecomastia. Gynecomastia results from hormone imbalance in the body. Gynecomastia doesn’t need to be treated until unless a patient feels pain.
Risk factors in breast cancer
- Older age
- BRCA2 gene mutation
- Family history of gene mutation.
- Klinefelter’s syndrome.
- Overweight and obesity.
- Exposure to radiation early in life.
- Lack of exercise.